Many of the States had issues with their biggest cities passing onerous laws and forcing the rest of their States to live by them. What could they do? Leave? The New States Clause of the American Constitution made it illegal to do that unless the State agreed. So the outer counties were captives to capital cities that had no interesting in letting them leave, and could force them to follow big city laws. Or so they thought. What the people of Jack’s time call Old California is still famous for having been home to a Sanctuary Movement where individual cities or counties simply refused to follow particular Federal or State laws. The first were created due to political disagreements on how to deal with illegal aliens or civilian ownership of firearms, but many other Sanctuaries sprouted up over the decades until you could find Sanctuary from just about any law or regulation you didn’t like. That made policing in America rather complicated in the decades leading up to the Second Great Depression.